In ancient India, saffron flower was used to prepare orange color and golden yellow color
The first color of the Indian flag is derived from saffron. The Indian flag has three colors: saffron, white and green.
About 75,000 to 80,000 saffron flowers are harvested to produce one pound (453 grams) of saffron.
So far, saffron harvesting has not been mechanized and it is harvested by hand.
Ancient Romans bathed with saffron
In traditional medicine, saffron is used as a pain reliever, expectorant, sexual stimulant and diuretic.
Egyptian queen Cleopatra used saffron as a natural cosmetic.
In a small area of Oxiana (between Iran and Afghanistan), only virgin girls under the age of 13 are allowed to pick saffron flowers.
The history of planting saffron in Iran dates back to more than 3000 years ago.
Hindu women put saffron moles on their foreheads during religious festivals.
The ancient Greeks and Romans used saffron as a perfume, and saffron was used in Chinese medicine in 1550
With the migration of Europeans to America and the transfer of funds from saffron to this continent, saffron also reached America.
Saffron flowers in autumn and is known as a perennial plant.
At the time of flowering, the plants are 20 cm tall and bear up to four flowers.
What we use for saffron is its yellow stigma, which has a sweet smell and a bitter taste.
Saffron is the most expensive spice in the world, as more than 225,000 stigmas must be picked and collected by hand to produce 0.45 kg of saffron.
Most of the cost of saffron is due to its harvesting. The entire harvesting process must be done by hand
The first recorded image of saffron dates back to the Bronze Age and Ancient Greece. The harvesting of saffron is shown in the Minoan palace wall paintings, which show the flowers being harvested by young maidens.
Naturally, it may be one of the first uses of saffron for dyeing textiles
Ancient perfumes were also made from saffron in Egypt.
Greek legends tell of sailors who went on long and dangerous journeys to get the most valuable saffron in the world